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Red Winter AAR

As I noted earlier, I have been involved with the development of an upcoming war game Red Winter as a helping researcher and play tester. The game is about one of the most crucial battles fought during the Winter War between Finland and Soviet Union. This battle of Tolvajärvi turned the tables enough to give Finns confidence to stop Soviet advance further into the country.

Here is an after action report of one short scenario from the game.
I have published this AAR before at Boardgamegeek.

Red Winter: Firefight on ice scenario AAR

This is an after action report of one of the many scenarios included in the game. I commanded the Finnish troops and the game’s designer Mark Mokszycki was playing as the Soviets.

This is a hypothetical variant of the Lake Crossing scenario which examines what might have happened had the Soviets waited until later in the day on the 11th to launch their attack across the ice. By waiting, the Soviets would have had time to fully recover their units, but they also would have been crossing the ice in broad daylight. The delay also might have given the Finnish Erp9 battalion time to reach the battlefield.

That’s how Mark Mokszycki, the game’s designer, has described the scenario in the Red Winter rulebook. The Scenario is only 4 turns long and has a very small number of units. Yet there are a great variety of units involved, including rifle, MG and mortar companies for both sides and three AT-guns for Soviets which are handy in exerting zones of control. The play area is also limited to the southern half of the whole map. The Finns win automatic victory the instant they eliminate three Soviet infantry or MG units or enter the Soviet supply source at hex X28. Otherwise the game continues until the end of the fourth turn. Finns can still win if they are the last ones to occupy either of the Kivisalmi bridge hexes. Soviets win if they occupy any of the Tolvajärvi town hexes. Any other result or combination of the above two is a draw.

Here is the setup before the first Soviet turn.

Starting positions

Starting positions

The hexes near Hotel and gravel pit are under Soviet ZOCs since they occupied those two locations at the time. In the screenshot I have defined some areas and what’s in each stack. The Finnish units are all dug-in. The Finnish control markers were used as reminders to denote the boundary of the playable map area.

Turn 1

Turn 1 for this scenario is actually the turn 29 on the turn track. The Soviets began their turn by initiating two separate attacks against both northern and southern ends of Tolvajärvi town. Another option would have been one strong thrust through the middle of the lake. Widespread positions of the Finns guaranteed that Soviets hit the Finnish ZOCs on Ice and have to start their combats on ice and with halved strength because of it. The Soviet AT-guns were also moved cleverly next to Finnish units in center of the town to prevent ranged support from the Finns’ LMGs and MGs.

The Soviet attacks on both ends of the lake weren’t too tough on Finns and Finns only lost 1 step in both combats. That means the rifle companies got flipped but stayed in their positions to keep Soviets still on ice. The Soviet ranged support wasn’t very effective but Finns managed to cause one step reduction with their very limited artillery support before the actual combat rolls.

The Finns then made their counterattacks in south and against one AT-gun in hex I19. The Finns were also supposed to attack in the northern end of town too but they never got their commands. I sent the game file to Mark for resolving possible Soviet ranged support and the actual combats after that and then to continue straight ahead with the next Soviet turn. In the heat of the battle Mark missed my mention of that northern attack at the end of one long sentence I used in my log file and the combat wasn’t resolved at all. Well that’s one of the dangers when playing by e-mail and trying to keep the number of game files to something reasonable. Finns managed to eliminate that AT-gun on ice easily and the southern attack forced one Soviet unit to retreat further away from town borders. Destroying the AT-gun didn’t count against the three eliminated Soviet units for automatic victory but was necessary to free ranged support from adjacent units.

The screenshot is after turn 1.


Turn 2

The Soviets begin their turn by moving into slightly better positions and attacking the now lonely Finnish mortar in the north effectively. I will still need my mortar as all my artillery is gone so it will take the loss as a retreat. Unfortunately that allows Soviets to enter Tolvajärvi town. In the southern end of town the Soviet attack is futile, with the only result being one step reduction for Soviets. So far the things appear relatively good for Finns.

Finns start their second turn with a bold assault with their northern MG against the Soviets still on ice in hex J18. Even when rolling in 5:1 odds column the result is 0/2. Soviets can take both steps as retreats and assaulting Finns advance into lake hex vacated by the retreated Soviets. Then the shtuff hit the fan with force. At the southern end the Finns gathered in to one hex to attack Soviet stack still on ice. The mortar was finally free of adjacent enemies, but its fire proved to be useless.
The final CRT column was again comfortable 5:1 including nice 4R column shift modifier for Soviets being on ice. Lady luck had some different thoughts instead and the two six sided dice gave total result of 2! That means 2/1 result meaning Finns lose one step at least and then retreat for one hex. Soviets lost only one step.

The final situation of turn 2 shown in screenshot looks rather grim for Finns already. The best Finnish tactic in this short scenario is in my opinion to aggressively try to eliminate three Soviet infantry or MG companies. Now that both initially good attacks against Soviets failed the situation is turning worse than expected.

Situation after turn 2.


Turn 3

Soviets move closer the town in both the north and south again. They manage to eliminate the lonely Finnish unit in the southernmost hex of Tolvajärvi town easily. In the north end Finns have to retreat two hexes after the Soviet attack there. This leaves Soviets occupying two town hexes pretty strongly to secure final turn victory.

Finns maneuvered all their units in north and around the Soviet stack to make concentric attack and force possible combat losses to be actual step reductions as Soviet could retreat only through enemy ZOCs. The final combat result was again 1/1 so it didn’t much hurt the larger Soviet stack but was rather uncomfortable for me.

Now I can only rely on final turn reinforcements and achieving a late automatic victory by eliminating those three Soviets. The northern stack seems likely target for that.

Situation after turn 3.


Turn 4

Not risking their occupation of Tolvajärvi town hexes the Soviets only build bonfires (in order to avoid rolling for sub-zero attrition less at the conclusion of the night turn) for their southern units. They also choose not to risk their northern units with any combat and simply pass the turn to the Finns.

Finns will receive their final turn reinforcements as the conditions are met: Soviets occupy one or more town hexes. First however two MGs and a rifle company I18 hex assault the Soviet stack to soften them up. With 0/2 result Soviets have to retreat through my ZOC and as their all units in the stack are already flipped, one of them is eliminated. One down two more still to go for automatic victory. Soviets retreat into the crossroad at G18 to avoid “on ice” modifiers for Finnish attacks. This location also prevents reinforcements to reach southern end of town in attempt to drive rest of the Soviets out of town.

Next the lonely rifle company in north and the reinforcements move around the Soviets in crossroads to finish them in concentric attack. In the 3:1 column the dice fell on snake eyes again forcing a step reduction and retreat for newly arrived reinforcements. That also confirmed the Soviet victory for this scenario.

Final positions.



The outcome of this scenario – as well as its more historic counterpart “Lake Crossing” – depends quite a lot on small number of die rolls. This fact is also mentioned in the scenario descriptions which also states that the scenario is primarily intended as a learning scenario rather than competitive play. Though the Finns lost this particular game the scenario seems to slightly favor the Finns with properly set up defense lines to keep Soviets on ice for long enough.

Reaching the Soviet supply source in this scenario is more or less theoretical option as it is so far away. In the historical Lake Crossing scenario I gained a victory versus Mark by that strategy, mostly because of there were no Soviet units set up to effectively prevent it. That scenario begins with night turn and double movement for units, giving a nice head start for single Finnish unit to race for occupying that distant hex. This could be also quite easily prevented by Soviet player by placing one AT-gun in some nice spot to create ZOC to stop such a sprint.

Reaching Kivisalmi Bridge is also rather difficult objective for Finns as that would mean pretty much crossing the lake through the Soviets milling around there. So in my opinion the best tactic for Finns is to achieve an automatic victory by eliminating three Soviet rifle or MG companies. Once the Soviets are stopped on ice and softened up there, Finns could gather up their strength to finish most prominent looking Soviet units.

Categories: Red Winter, Wargames
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